October 6, 2008

Finland – Guide with tips for your holiday

Posted in Blogging, Culture, Finland, Guide, Nature, Photo, Photography, Photos, Pictures, Travel, Trip, Vacation at 1:35 pm by finlandtrip

Finland geographically marked a transition area between Scandinavia and the East European Plain. The country comprises some 60 000 lakes, mainly in the southern part of the country (Finnish lakes) and by a large number of rivers are linked. The richness of the Lakes developed country after the melting of the past Inlandeismassen of the Pleistocene ice age. The largest lakes are the Saimaasee, the Inarisee and Päijänne. In the southwest into the Baltic upstream are numerous islands and Archipelago, the largest archipelago, the Åland Islands (Finnish Ahvenanmaa) with more than 6 000 islands. Among the most important rivers include Torneälv, Muonioälv, Kemijoki and Oulujoki. For large vessels is only the Oulujoki passably. The country consists largely of a hilly plains with an average altitude from 120 to 180 meters above sea level. The terrain is generally flat; prevails in the north hill country, in the extreme northwest, there are also mountainous regions. The Haltiatunturi (1 328 meters) in the northwest to the Norwegian border is the highest point in the country. The northern third of northern Finland above the Arctic Circle (Lapland) is interspersed by peat bogs.

Because of the moderating influence of the surrounding waters is the climate of Finland for the Northern situation is relatively mild. Along the south coast, the average temperature in July at 15.6 ° C in February at -8.9 ° C. The annual precipitation (snow and rain) is on average about 460 millimeters in the north and 710 millimeters in the south. While the southern parts of the country for about four to five months in the year covered with snow, it can snow in the north to hold seven months. Because of the northern location have polar night in winter and summer Polartag in a period of several months. The lakes are around for half of the year frozen.

5.5 percent (2000) of the total land area of Finland are protected. Approximately 72 percent of Finland’s land area is covered by forest (2000), Finland is thus the wooded country in Europe. Inventory-building in the extreme south of trees are aspens, alders, maples and elms. These hardwood forests go to the north in boreal coniferous forest (see forests and moderate northerly latitudes) with spruce and pine trees as dominant over. In the area of tundra joined Moore at large, a significant part of the nation. In Finland, there are nearly 1 200 flowering plants and fern and about 1 000 lichen species.

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